Aquatic Fish Database est. 1991

Search Supplier Directory
    Add Your Company
    Update Your Listing
Wholesale Supplier Short List
Fish Fact Sheets

Search Companies Directory
    Add Your Company
    Update Your Listing

Wholesale Seafood Traders
Wholesale Aquaculture Traders
Wholesale Ornamental Fish Traders

Capelin + Imports & Exports
Catfish + Imports & Exports
Crab/Shellfish + Imports & Exports
Fish Meal + Imports & Exports
Fish Oil + Imports & Exports
Groundfish + Imports & Exports
Grouper + Imports & Exports
Lobster + Imports & Exports
Octopus + Imports & Exports
Oyster + Imports & Exports
Salmon + Imports & Exports
Scallop + Imports & Exports
Seabass + Imports & Exports
Shrimp + Imports & Exports
Squid + Imports & Exports
Tilapia + Imports & Exports
Tuna + Imports & Exports

Cod Links
Definitions and Terms
Fish Fact Sheets
Market Prices
Market Reports
Seafood Links
Tilapia Links

About Aquafind
Aquatic Posters
Contact AquaFind
Currency Converter
Featured Product Pages
Scientific Aquacultrue Papers
World Clock
Shrimp & Seafood Recipes

Chinese French German Italian Spanish Russian

Custom Search

Bookmark and Share

Phyllospadix torreyi - Surfgrass

Geographic range:
Alaska to California

Key features:
Bright green, numerous blades arising from a dense rhizome. Looks like really long, thin-bladed grass.

Similar species:
Zostera marina -- Eel grass

bay (rocky shore), exposed rocky shore, kelp forest, protected rocky shore
Phyllospadix torreyi - Surfgrass image


Primary common name:
  ITIS code:
Synonymous name(s):
General grouping:

Geographic Range
Range description:
Phyllospadix torreyi occurs in Western North America, from Alaska to California.
Northern latitude extent:
  Southern latitude extent:
East longitude extent:
  West longitude extent:

Intertidal Height
Lowest intertidal height:
0 meters OR -2 feet
  Highest intertidal height:
0 meters OR 0 feet
Intertidal height notes:
Phyllospadix torreyi occurs at or below zero tide level or in mid-low tide pools

Subtidal Depth Range
Minimum depth:
0 meters OR 0 feet
  Maximum depth:
15 meters OR 49.95 feet
Subtidal depth notes:
Phyllospadix torreyi occurs in the intertidal to 15 meters, but is rarely deeper than 5 m in central California.

bay (rocky shore), exposed rocky shore, kelp forest, protected rocky shore
Habitat notes:
Phyllospadix torreyi is more likely to be found in sand-scoured areas than is Phyllospadix scouleri.

Relative abundance:
Phyllospadix torreyi is common.

Species Description
General description:
Phyllospadix torreyi is in the family Zosteraceae, which is commonly known as eel grass. Surfgrass is an angiosperm with true leaves, stems, and rootstocks, not an alga. Phyllospadix torreyi is one of two species of the genus Phyllospadix, the other being Phyllospadix scouleri.
Distinctive features:
Phyllospadix torreyi leaves are characteristically less than 2 mm wide and are generally more firm, cylindrical, and wiry than Phyllospadix scouleri.
Phyllospadix torreyi grows up to 2 meters.

Natural History
General natural history:
Phyllospadix torreyi's habitat is highly productive, providing shelter for many invertebrates and supporting many species of algae. This species also provides nursery habitat for fishes and invertebrates, such as the California spiny lobster. Phyllospadix torreyi is susceptible to desiccation and heat stress during low midday tides.
Phyllospadix torreyi nourishes itself through photosynthesis, converting the energy of light to the energy of carbohydrate molecules.

Feeding behavior
Feeding behavior(s):
Feeding behavior notes:
MARINe. 2004 (Updated 12/09/04). Multi-Agency Rocky Intertidal Network. World Wide Web electronic publication,, Accessed [04/22/06]

Plants for a future. 2004. World Wide Web electronic publication,, Accessed [04/22/06].

Data supplied by SIMoN Sanctuary Integrated Monitoring Network
Anthopleura xanthogrammica - Giant green anemone

Contact | Terms of Use | Article Submission Terms | Advertising | Fish Supplier Registration | Equipment Supplier Registration
© 2017 Aquafind All Rights Reserved