A CASE STUDY
ON HANDLING OF FISH AFTER UNLOADING
LANDING CENTRE, MUMBAI, INDIA
SAGAR C MANDAL2
Institute of Fisheries Education, Versova, Mumbai-400061, India
of Fisheries, Central Agricultural University, Lembucherra, Tripura
of Aquaculture & Artemia
Reference Center, Ghent University, Belgium
overview of the situation in Versova landing centre regarding
in the hold (box or hold)
to the middlemen
In Versova landing
centre everyday there is landing of fish and shellfish from here the
fishes are going to the local fish market for consumption. But the
condition of the landing centre was not clean at all. The water was
very contaminated and dirty. There are faeces, plastics, garbage
etc. around the area where the fish landing takes place. Fishermen
used to dry the low value catch fishes in that place itself in very
unhygienic manner. Bombay duck were hanged over the bamboo bars.
The composition of
fish in the landing centre include shrimp, crabs, squids, ribbonfish,
catfish, flatfish, pomfrets, lizardfish, Indian mackerel,
carangids, bombayduck, eels, perciformes, tuna etc.
from fish hold
unloading of the catch fish fisherfolk use rubber container in which
fishes are put and send down from the onboard to the ground. Two to
three people are engaged in that operation. They tie the rubber
container with rope and swing down to the water.
of the catch
For washing the
catch fishermen use the water from the dock which is very dirty and
polluted. They dipped the container with fish into that water and
shake it 2-3 times to complete the washing procedures. The process
was totally unhygienic and undesirable from the quality point of
of container used for carrying the catch
mostly used for carrying the catch were rubber made or bamboo made.
As soon as they unload the catch they put the fishes into these types
of container and take it to the auction or selling place. There they
transfer to other plastics boxes and do re icing.
of ice used
The type of ice used
was crushed block ice. The amount of ice was not sufficient at all.
Therefore the quality was not maintained upto the marked. The icing
process was also not correct; they were just dumping the fishes and
pouring some few numbers of ice pieces over it.
used for icing
Plastics or PVC
boxes are mainly used for icing purposes which are often used for
transport to other places.
Most of the fish
handlers and sellers were found to be women. They will dress or pill
the shrimp in the selling place.
ordinary truck for transport purpose and not shield.
the current practise was not desirable according to the food safety
concern, so it will be better to do some management steps in order
to improve the current situation of handling and unloading of fish ,
must be unloaded on to pallets or to/in suitable containers.
container must be cleaned with potable water.
area should be kept clean.
should be done with clean potable/ clean sea water.
with melted ice and dirty slime layer should be removed by washing.
water is recommended for washing
water used for washing is in a box, tray or any other container,
water must be changed frequently.
should be taken to prevent cross contamination during washing
water is not acceptable for cleaning and washing as the water is
equipment, containers and pallets should be thoroughly washed using
potable / clean sea water.
should not be damaged during unloading and delivery by rough
handling will reduce the risk of cross-contamination and physical
should be available at the harbour premises.
must be done as soon as possible according to transportation time
using fresh ice.
careful handling of fish.
should be transported separately from other items (tools, boxes
fish cool during transport shield from direct sunlight.
clean packaging and vehicles
transport, vehicles should leave as soon as they are ready.
Drying of Bombay Duck fish near Sea Beach
Use of dock water for fish washing
Icing of fish in Open air in sea beach