5 Strategies for
Sustainable Fish Farming
Article provided by: Nick Denek, editor of Seekwee.com
Fish is one of the most efficient
and plentiful sources of protein and omega-3 fatty acids. It's very
nutritious and healthy, and the modern world has definitely noticed
this a long time ago. Because of this, especially in the last few
decades, demand for fish has skyrocketed. While this has had a very
positive impact on the obesity crisis in the West, it has also
devastated the sea-life1 around the world. Farming
practices have become more unhinged and destructive since it's very
hard to meet the demand for fish in today's world.
Of course, this doesn't just
apply to the west. In general, fish is very efficient to farm, since
the price and quality of food needed to farm fish are much lower than
the actual nutritional value (and money) gained from seafood. This
needs to be regulated, and certain strategies for sustainable fish
farming need to be implemented.
There are a number of things
that can be done in order to save our ecosystem, and a great part of
it centers on sustainable farming. Here, you will see certain
strategies devoted to making fish farming more sustainable.
Subsidies. This strategy
hinges on one thing - rewarding good behavior. Made on a local or
federal level, it doesn't matter. We need to find a way to
incentivize sustainable fish farming. This can be done by, for
example, offering free training and education for farmers to be more
sustainable. Now, this is an indirect strategy, but will certainly
yield great results. An addition to this would be that governments
create harsher measures when people fish in illegal areas. If they
set up their farms in areas that are not as "spent " of fish and
vital micronutrient found in the water, this will be a step forward
in the right direction.
Use our technology. This is
to say, branch out. Developed countries have access to satellites, to
mapping technologies, scanners and computer mapping models. All these
can help understand and develop sustainable fish farming a lot
faster. We will learn where to fish, where fishing will overwhelm a
population of sea life and not give it the opportunity to repopulate,
and where they will regain their numbers just fine. Not only that,
but we can also use this to track more easily the behavior of
corporations who avoid sustainable farming just to make a quick buck.
Eat a variety of fish. This
is closer to the micro, individual level. Fish farming usually
focuses on just a few types of fish, usually the most popular kinds,
salmon, for example. This creates a problem since then farmers are
incentivized to farm only one type. This means that they over-farm
one type, ignore others, which creates a chain reaction affecting the
entire eco-system. However, other types are just as good. Carp,
tilapia, catfish, these are great to eat and also very good for you.
There is no reason to focus on one type, its best to spread out.
Innovate. Fish farmers
should try to be as up to date as possible with modern technology and
science (relating to aquaculture). While this may be pricey, some
aspects of are not. Educating oneself on efficient breeding of fish,
improving their size, using food that nourishes the fish and the
surrounding sea-life, all this will mitigate the damage done, and
make fish farming more sustainable.
Community. Understand that
you, as a fish farmer, are not alone. If there is a spot where there
is plentiful fish to be farmed, then there must be many others close
by. Sometimes, all that makes a fish farm unsustainable, is too many
people in one place making small mistakes. Not following just one of
all the possible guidelines for sustainable fish farming may not be
such a big deal, but if 20 farmers in the same area do the same, the
results can be catastrophic.
the world will take heed of the tips and strategies placed in the
text above. The future of sea-life and our oceans depend on us taking
aquaculture more seriously. Yes, fish farming is a very good choice
as far as food is concerned, but abusing it may cause great problems
to our planet. Destroying the very ocean floor 2,
irresponsible and unsustainable fish farming has far reaching
1. Holmer, Marianne, and Erik
Kristensen. " Impact of marine fish cage farming on metabolism
and sulfate reduction of underlying sediments ." Marine
Ecology Progress Series,
March 3, 1992, 191-201.
2. Naylor, Rosamond, Jurgenne
Primavera, and Rebecca Goldberg. "Effect of aquaculture on world
fish supplies." Nature. June 29, 2000. Accessed August 24, 2017.
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